Advanced arthritis of the hip can become the reason for either total hip replacement surgery or hip resurfacing surgery. Both are the types of hip replacement but with a major difference.
The femoral head and the damaged socket are both removed and replaced with metal, plastic, or ceramic components in the process of total hip replacement surgery. But if we talk about the procedure of hip resurfacing, the femoral head is trimmed & capped with a smooth metal covering (metal cap) instead of removing. The damaged bone and cartilage within the socket is removed and replaced with a metal shell.
The advantages of hip resurfacing over total hip replacement are given below:
> Hip resurfacing leads to the decreased risk of hip dislocation.
> It results in more normal walking pattern than traditional hip replacement.
> Hip resurfacing may be easier to revise.
Apart from the advantages, hip resurfacing may also lead to some disadvantages as everything comes with some pros and cons:
> Hip resurfacing is a more difficult operation
> Femoral neck fracture
> Metal ion risk
Hip resurfacing surgery is generally conducted for the patients having strong & healthy bones and age less than 60. Rest your orthopaedic surgeon will perform initial evaluation process; after that he will suggest you that whether you are a good candidate for this surgery or not.
Generally, the patients can go home within 1 to 4 days after the surgery. Your surgeon will suggest you to use walker, cane or crutches for the first few days. You may feel pain and discomfort after the surgery, therefore you can take some pain relief medicines as prescribed by your doctor but you should stop taking these medications as soon as your pain starts to improve.
You need to do regular exercise that your physical therapist will suggest you to restore your strength and maintain the range of motion. Your orthopaedic surgeon will conduct some follow-up visits at regular time intervals. Usually, the patient can resume his/her day-to-day activities by 6 weeks after the surgical treatment.